THE AMAZON RAINFOREST
The Amazon Rainforest, also called the ‘Lungs of the Planet’, produces more than 20% of Earth's oxygen. Incredible! The Amazon Rainforest is an extraordinary and enigmatic place. To underline how important this tropical rainforest is and how crucial is to stop its deforestation and other harmful activities, here are some interesting facts:
Image by Artur Warchavchik (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
There are around 3000 edible types of fruits, half of these are known to be consumed by natives and only 200 are cultivated for use today. 90% of Amazon Rainforest plants used by natives have not been studied by modern science.
Image by SabineDeviche (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
It is believed that there may exist around 50 indigenous tribes living in the depths of the Amazon Rainforest that have never had contact with the outside world.
Image by Gleilson Miranda / Governo do Acre [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
An estimated number of 2700 million acres of the rainforest are burned each year.
According to Sky Rainforest Rescue deforestation creates around 20% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions - that’s as much as all the world’s cars, planes, trains and ships put together.
With an average freshwater discharge of approximately 219,000 cubic meters per second, the Amazon river represents 15-16% of the world’s total river flow into the world’s oceans.
Image by Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon (NASA Earth Observatory) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Image by lubasi (Catedral Verde - Floresta Amazonica) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, French Guyana and Suriname.
It covers 2 thirds of the South American continent. And represents 54% of the total rainforests left of the planet.
Image by Neil Palmer/CIAT (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons